|Region:||Africa and Red Sea|
|Duration of observation:|
|Inferred cause of deformation:|||
|Characteristics of deformation:||
Erta Ale is a basaltic shield volcano in the Erta Ale Range, northern Ethiopia, 600 m sea level. The volcano contains a 0.7 x 1.6 km, elliptical summit crater and another 1.8 x 3.1 km wide depression elongated parallel to the trend of the Erta Ale range is located to the SE of the summit. Fresh-looking basaltic lava flows from these fissures have poured into the caldera and locally overflowed its rim. Erta Ale houses a persistent lava lake in one, sometimes both, of its summit crater.
|References:||Pagli, C. et al., 2014. Current plate boundary deformation of the Afar rift from a 3-D velocity field inversion of InSAR and GPS. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 119(11), pp. 8562-8575.\\\', http://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=221080]
Moore, C. Wright, T. Hooper, A. and Biggs, J. 2019. The 2017 Eruption of Erta Ale Volcano, Ethiopia: Insights Into the Shallow Axial Plumbing System of an Incipient Mid-Ocean Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 20(12), pp.5727-5743.
Xu, W. Xie, L. Aoki, Y. Rivalta, E. and Jónsson, S. 2020. Volcano-Wide Deformation After the 2017 Erta Ale Dike Intrusion, Ethiopia, Observed With Radar Interferometry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 125(8).