|Measurement method(s):||GPS - campaign|
|Duration of observation:||10/1998; 03/1999; 12/1999; 06/2001; 11/2002; 06/2003|
|Inferred cause of deformation:||Magmatic, Uncertain|
|Characteristics of deformation:||
Papandayan is fortunate enough to be the site of a large and well-established network of seven GPS stations, and campaign surveys monitoring deformation of the volcano first began in 1998, carried out by the Department of Geodetic Engineering, Institute of Technology, Bandung. A 2006 paper by Abidin et al summarises seven such surveys over a period of five years, including the recent eruption which occurred November-December 2002.
|References:||'Abidin, H.Z. et al. 2006. Ground deformation of Papandayan volcano before, during, and after the 2002 eruption as detected by GPS surveys. GPS Solutions, 10 (2), 75-84', 'Janssen, V. et al. 2002. Low-cost GPS-based volcano deformation monitoring at Mt. Papandayan, Indonesia. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 115 (1-2), 139-151'|